What is IVF (Test tube baby)

What is IVF (in vitro fertilization) / test tube baby?

IVF (test tube baby) is a procedure which helps couples who are unable to have children with conventional treatments conceive. With the advancements in Assisted Reproductive Technologies, almost all couples can have children by the aid of some form of IVF.


IVF (in vitro fertilisation) was pioneered in the 1980’s by Dr. Edward and Dr. Steptoe, and it has come a long way since then. IVF 
(test tube baby) is among the most successful infertility treatments and gives good successful results. IVF (test tube baby) is useful for patients with blocked fallopian tubes, pelvic adhesions, previously ligated fallopian tubes, endometriosis, advanced age of the female partner, multiple failed IUI’s, unexplained infertility and male factor infertility. Children born from IVF (test tube baby) are as normal as normally conceived children. In fact, the first IVF child ever in the world, Louise Brown, got married, conceived naturally,and a son was born to her in 2006, laying to rest all doubts about the fertility of children conceived by IVF(test tube baby).


In IVF (test tube baby), the womans eggs are taken out of her body and they are fertilised in the lab in a petri dish with her husbands sperm. The embryo thus formed is then tansferred back into her uterus. Hence the name of the procedure is test tube baby.


Many new treatment modalities were pioneered and ICSI (intra cytoplasmic sperm injection)was introduced for severe male factor infertility. With ICSI, men who have very low sperm count or very poor motility can have their own biological children. Even men who have no sperms in their ejaculate but do have sperms in their testis can have their biological children after procedures like TESE, PESA. The mature or immature sperms taken out of the testis using TESE, PESA are then used in ICSI to fertilise the eggs.

Donor Eggs

Using Donor eggs is good for women with premature ovarian failure. They can borrow healthy and young eggs from young women for their IVF(test tube baby). Donor egg IVF(test tube baby) is also very useful for women with advanced age, recurrent IVF (test tube baby) failures and for those women with inherited genetic disorders.

Donor Sperm IUI or IVF

This is done for men who do not have any sperms in their testis. It is also used for men who have genetic inheritance disorders which they do not want to get transmittted to their children. Here sperms are procured from Sperm Banks, after matching the donors blood group, racial origin, height, hair, skin and eye color etc.


Surrogacy is an option for those women who have severe damaged or undeveloped uterus. It is also very helpful for those women who are medically unfit (heart/ liver/ lung disorders etc) to carry their own pregnancy for nine months. Surrogacy can also be done for women with multiple IVF (test tube baby) failures.

With so many different types of treatments available for various possible disorders, most couples are able to realise their dreams of having a baby using IVF
(test tube baby).

Emails to Dr. Richa Katiyar regarding IVF

Good Morning Dr,

I am Asaf Zardoi. l want information about ivf. Its been 8 years of marriage. We could not blessed with a baby. We have gone through many tests once laproscopy and once IUI have done. Could not get success. I have read a lot about you. Seeking hope. Please tell me the total cost because i do not have to much money but i will do anything. Because without a baby we can not survive in this society. My wife is 28 years old and i am 32 years old. Please suggest me.



Hello Mr. Asaf,
Sorry to learn that you and your wife are having difficulty in having a baby.
You are welcome to come to New Delhi to get IVF-ISCI treatment done.
The IVF treatment starts on day 1-2 of the periods so you will need to plan to come accordingly.

The charges for IVF depend on the no. of injections we use and that depends on the ovarian reserve of your wife. We can test this by doing a blood test called AMH. Please get this test done and let me know the report.

Feel free to contact me for any further queries.

Best regards,

Dr Richa Katiyar
IVF and Infertility Specialist